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Brew Command Not Found Mac

Brew Command Not Found Mac: Troubleshooting Guide

Brew Command Not Found Mac

If you're a Mac user and have encountered the frustrating error message "brew command not found," don't worry – you're not alone. This issue commonly occurs when the Homebrew package manager is not properly installed or configured on your Mac. In this article, we will explore the possible causes of this error and provide step-by-step solutions to get Homebrew up and running smoothly on your Mac.

What is Homebrew?

Homebrew is a popular package manager for macOS that makes it easy to install, manage, and update various software packages. It allows developers and users to easily access a wide range of open-source tools, libraries, and applications. With Homebrew, you can avoid the hassle of manually downloading and installing software from various sources – simply use the command line to install and manage packages effortlessly.

Possible Causes of "Brew Command Not Found" Error

1. Missing Homebrew Installation

The most common cause of the "brew command not found" error is the absence of Homebrew on your Mac. If you haven't installed Homebrew yet, follow the steps below to install it:

  1. Open Terminal, the default command-line application on macOS.
  2. Enter the following command and press Enter: /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/HEAD/install.sh)"
  3. Follow the on-screen prompts to complete the installation process.

2. Incorrect PATH Configuration

Your Mac uses the PATH environment variable to locate executable files, including the Homebrew command-line tools. If the PATH is not properly configured, your Mac may not be able to find the Homebrew binaries, resulting in the "brew command not found" error. Follow the steps below to check and update your PATH configuration:

  1. Open Terminal.
  2. Run the following command to open your ~/.bash_profile or ~/.zshrc file: nano ~/.bash_profile or nano ~/.zshrc (depending on your default shell).
  3. Look for any existing Homebrew-related lines, starting with export PATH or similar. If you find any, edit or remove them.
  4. Add the following line to the file, if it's not already present: eval $(/opt/homebrew/bin/brew shellenv)
  5. Save the changes and exit the text editor (press Ctrl + X, then Y, and finally Enter).
  6. Restart Terminal or run source ~/.bash_profile or source ~/.zshrc to apply the changes.

3. Outdated Homebrew Version

If you have Homebrew installed but haven't updated it in a while, you may encounter compatibility issues with the latest versions of macOS and the command-line tools it provides. To update Homebrew, simply run the following command in Terminal:

brew update

Make sure to keep Homebrew up to date to prevent any compatibility problems and take advantage of the latest features and improvements.

4. Permission Issues

Sometimes, permission-related problems can cause the "brew command not found" error. To fix this, you'll need to ensure that the necessary permissions are correctly set for the directories and files used by Homebrew. Use the following commands in Terminal to fix permission issues:

sudo chown -R $(whoami) /usr/local/*
sudo chmod -R g+w /usr/local/*

5. Disconnected Internet Connection

Homebrew depends on an active internet connection to fetch and install packages. If you are experiencing network connectivity issues or your internet connection is unstable, you may encounter the "brew command not found" error. Check your internet connection and resolve any connectivity problems before attempting to use Homebrew.

Related Articles

Here are some related articles that can further assist you in troubleshooting and optimizing your macOS experience:

  1. ZSH: Command Not Found Brew – 2023 Update – This article explores an updated method to resolve the "command not found: brew" error specifically related to the Zsh shell.

  2. Homebrew versus MacPorts: Which Package Manager Should You Choose? – If you're curious about the differences between Homebrew and MacPorts, this article offers a comprehensive comparison to help you make an informed decision.

  3. How to Uninstall Homebrew on Mac – If you're looking to remove Homebrew from your Mac for any reason, this step-by-step guide will walk you through the uninstallation process.

  4. Troubleshooting Common macOS Errors – Mac users often encounter various errors. This article provides solutions to common macOS errors, including those related to Homebrew.

  5. Best Tools for Developers on macOS – Discover a curated list of essential macOS developer tools, including those available through Homebrew, to boost your productivity as a developer.

By following the troubleshooting steps outlined in this article and exploring the related topics above, you will be well-equipped to resolve the "brew command not found" error on your Mac and harness the power of Homebrew to streamline your development workflow.

Related video


What is the most common cause of the 'brew command not found' error?

The most common cause is the absence of Homebrew on your Mac.

How can I install Homebrew on my Mac?

Open Terminal and enter the command /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/HEAD/install.sh)".

What should I do if Homebrew is not properly installed?

Reinstall Homebrew following the installation steps.

How can I fix incorrect PATH configuration?

Edit ~/.bash_profile or ~/.zshrc and add eval $(/opt/homebrew/bin/brew shellenv).

How do I update Homebrew?

Run the command brew update in Terminal to update Homebrew.

What can I do if I encounter permission issues?

Use the commands sudo chown -R $(whoami) /usr/local/* and sudo chmod -R g+w /usr/local/* to fix permission problems.

What should I do if my internet connection is disconnected?

Check your internet connection and ensure it is stable before using Homebrew.

Is there a specific solution for the Zsh shell?

Yes, check the article 'ZSH: Command Not Found Brew – 2023 Update' for an updated method to resolve the error on Zsh.

How can I uninstall Homebrew on my Mac?

Follow the step-by-step guide in the article 'How to Uninstall Homebrew on Mac'.

Where can I find more troubleshooting articles for macOS?

Refer to the article 'Troubleshooting Common macOS Errors' for solutions to common issues.

Ruslan Osipov
Author: Ruslan Osipov