How to install Nginx on Ubuntu

NGINX is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP server and reverse proxy. It is a popular choice for web servers, with a strong focus on performance, stability, and low resource consumption.

Nginx install Ubuntu

Installing NGINX on Ubuntu is a straightforward process. Here are the steps:

  1. First, update the package list on your server:

sudo apt update
  1. Next, install NGINX by running the following command:

sudo apt install nginx
  1. Once the installation is complete, you can start the NGINX service by running:

sudo systemctl start nginx
  1. To ensure that NGINX starts automatically when the server boots up, you can enable it using the following command:

sudo systemctl enable nginx
  1. By default, NGINX listens for HTTP traffic on port 80. You can check if NGINX is running and listening on this port by using the netstat command:

sudo netstat -tulpn | grep :80

You should see something like this:

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:80              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1/nginx: master p

This indicates that NGINX is listening on port 80 for incoming HTTP requests.

  1. To test that NGINX is working, open a web browser and navigate to http://your-server-ip, where your-server-ip is the IP address of your server. You should see the default NGINX welcome page.

That's it! You have successfully installed NGINX on Ubuntu.

It's worth noting that the default NGINX configuration file is located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, and the default document root (where your website's files are stored) is /var/www/html. You can modify the configuration file to customize your NGINX setup as needed.

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FAQs

What is Nginx and what is it used for?

Nginx is a web server that can also be used as a reverse proxy, load balancer, and HTTP cache.


What is the latest version of Nginx that I can install on Ubuntu?

The latest version available for Nginx on Ubuntu depends on the version of Ubuntu you are using. You can check for the latest version by running 'sudo apt-cache show nginx' in the terminal.


Do I need root access to install Nginx on Ubuntu?

Yes, root access is required to install Nginx on Ubuntu.


What are the dependencies required to install Nginx on Ubuntu?

Nginx requires the package libssl1.0.0 to be installed on Ubuntu.


How can I check if Nginx is already installed on my system?

You can check if Nginx is already installed by running the command "nginx -v" in the terminal.


What happens if I already have Apache installed on my Ubuntu system?

If you already have Apache installed on your Ubuntu system, you may have conflicts with Nginx. It's recommended to either remove Apache or configure Nginx to listen on a different port.


How can I configure Nginx to start automatically after a reboot?

You can configure Nginx to start automatically after a reboot using the command 'sudo systemctl enable nginx'.


What is the default location for the Nginx configuration file on Ubuntu?

The default location for the Nginx configuration file on Ubuntu is '/etc/nginx/nginx.conf'.