Jupyter Notebook Server

Jupyter Notebook Server

Introduction to Jupyter Notebook remote server

Jupyter Notebook is a web-based interactive computing tool that allows you to create and share documents that combine live code, equations, visualizations, and narrative text. Originally developed for Python, Jupyter Notebook now supports over 40 programming languages, including R, Julia, and Scala.

One of the key features of Jupyter Notebook is that it allows you to execute code in a "notebook" environment, which is a web application that runs in your browser. Notebooks consist of a series of "cells," which can contain either code or text. You can write code in one cell, and then execute it by pressing "Shift+Enter." The output of the code will appear directly below the cell.

Jupyter Notebook is a popular tool for data analysis, machine learning, scientific computing, and teaching. It allows you to explore data interactively, prototype algorithms, and create visualizations. It's also great for sharing your work with others since notebooks can be exported to a variety of formats, including HTML, PDF, and Markdown.

Some of the benefits of Jupyter Notebook server include:

Interactivity: Jupyter Notebook allows you to interact with your code in real time, making it easy to experiment and iterate.

Reproducibility: Notebooks are self-contained documents that include all the code, data, and visualizations needed to reproduce your results.

Collaboration: Jupyter Notebook makes it easy to collaborate with others by sharing notebooks, commenting on code, and versioning your work.

In the next section, we'll look at how to set up a Jupyter Notebook server so that you can start using this powerful tool for your own projects.

Setting up a Jupyter Notebook Server

Before you can start using Jupyter Notebook, you need to set up a server that can run the application. There are a few different ways to do this, depending on your needs and your technical expertise.

Option 1: Installing Jupyter Notebook locally

If you're just getting started with Jupyter Notebook and want to try it out on your own machine, the easiest option is to install it locally. Here are the steps:

Install Python: Jupyter Notebook is built on top of Python, so you'll need to have Python installed on your machine. You can download and install the latest version of Python from the official website.

Install Jupyter Notebook: Once you have Python installed, you can use the pip package manager to install Jupyter Notebook. Open a terminal window and type the following command:

pip install jupyter

This will download and install Jupyter Notebook, along with any necessary dependencies.

Start the Jupyter Notebook server: To start the Jupyter Notebook server, open a terminal window and type the following command:

jupyter notebook

This will launch the Jupyter Notebook application in your default web browser.

Option 2: Using a cloud-based Jupyter Server

If you don't want to install Jupyter Notebook on your local machine, or if you need to collaborate with others, you can use a cloud-based Jupyter Notebook service instead. There are several options available, including:

Jupyter Notebook on Azure

Google Colaboratory
IBM Watson Studio

These services provide a pre-configured Jupyter Notebook server that you can access through your web browser. Some of them also include additional features, such as cloud-based storage, collaboration tools, and GPU acceleration.

Once you have a Jupyter Notebook server up and running, you can start creating and running notebooks. In the next section, we'll look at some of the basic features of Jupyter Notebook and how to use them.

Using Jupyter Notebook

Once you have a Jupyter Notebook server up and running, you can start using Jupyter Notebook to create and run notebooks. In this section, we'll look at some of the basic features of Jupyter Notebook and how to use them.

Jupyter Notebook Server is compatible with Linux and can be installed on a Linux server using Python's package manager, pip. Once installed, Jupyter Notebook Server can be started from the command line using the "jupyter notebook" command, which will launch the server and provide you with the URL to access the notebook interface. Linux users can also take advantage of Jupyter Notebook's support for virtual environments, which allows you to create isolated Python environments for different projects and install specific packages and dependencies without affecting the rest of your system.

By using virtual environments in conjunction with Jupyter Notebook Server, you can create a customized and secure development environment for your data science work.

Creating a new notebook

To create a new notebook, go to the Jupyter Notebook dashboard and click on the "New" button in the top-right corner. You can then select the programming language you want to use for your notebook.

Once you've created a new notebook, you'll see a blank page with an empty code cell. You can start writing code in the cell, and then execute it by pressing "Shift+Enter". The output of the code will appear directly below the cell.

Adding text and formatting

In addition to code cells, you can also add text cells to your notebook. To do this, click on the "Add Text" button in the toolbar. You can then write text in the cell, and format it using Markdown.

Markdown is a lightweight markup language that allows you to add headings, lists, links, images, and other formatting to your text. You can find a complete guide to Markdown syntax in the Jupyter Notebook documentation.

Importing libraries and data

Jupyter Notebook allows you to import external libraries and data into your notebook. To import a library, simply use the "import" statement in a code cell. For example, if you want to use the NumPy library for numerical computing, you can type:

import numpy as np

To import data into your notebook, you can use the "pandas" library for data manipulation. Pandas allows you to read data from a variety of sources, including CSV files, Excel spreadsheets, SQL databases, and more. For example, if you have a CSV file called "data.csv" in your working directory, you can read it into a Pandas DataFrame like this:

import pandas as pd* *data = pd.read\_csv("data.csv")

Creating visualizations

One of the powerful features of Jupyter Notebook is that it allows you to create visualizations directly in your notebook. You can use libraries like Matplotlib, Seaborn, and Plotly to create charts, graphs, and other visualizations.

To create a simple line chart using Matplotlib, for example, you can use and run the following command:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt* *x = \[1, 2, 3, 4, 5\]* *y = \[2, 4, 6, 8, 10\]* *plt.plot(x, y)* *plt.show()

This will create a line chart showing the values of x and y.

These are just a few of the basic features of Jupyter Notebook. As you become more familiar with the tool, you can explore more advanced topics like debugging, profiling, and running notebooks remotely.

In addition to Jupyter Notebook, there is also a Jupyter-based interactive computing environment called IPython, which provides an interactive shell for running Python code, as well as support for creating and sharing notebooks. IPython was the precursor to Jupyter Notebook and is still widely used today, especially in scientific computing and data analysis. IPython also supports multiple programming languages, including Python, Julia, and R, and can be used in conjunction with Jupyter Notebook Server to provide a more comprehensive data science workflow.

With the power and flexibility of IPython and Jupyter Notebook Server, you can explore, analyze, and visualize your data with ease, using the programming language and tools that best suit your needs.

Collaborating with Jupyter Notebook

Jupyter Notebook makes it easy to collaborate with others on data analysis and programming projects. In this section, we'll look at some of the ways you can collaborate with Jupyter Notebook.

In Jupyter Notebook Server, the URL of the notebook interface typically follows the format "http://<server-address>:<port>/tree". The server address can be the IP address or hostname of the server where Jupyter Notebook is running, while the port is the number used by Jupyter Notebook to listen for incoming requests. By default, Jupyter Notebook uses port 8888, but you can specify a different port number when starting the server.

Once you access the notebook interface through the URL, you can start creating and running notebooks, collaborating with others, and exploring your data with Jupyter Notebook's powerful tools and features.

Sharing notebooks

One of the easiest ways to collaborate with Jupyter Notebook is to share your notebooks with others. You can do this by exporting your notebook as an HTML or PDF file, or by sharing the notebook file directly.

To export a notebook, go to the "File" menu and select "Download as". You can then choose the format you want to export your notebook to. For example, you can export your notebook as an HTML file, which can be opened in a web browser and shared with others.

To share a notebook file directly, you can upload it to a cloud storage service like Dropbox, Google Drive, or GitHub. You can then share the link to the file with your collaborators.

Collaborating with Git

If you're working on a project with multiple collaborators, you can use Git to manage changes to your notebooks. Git is a version control system that allows you to track changes to your code and collaborate with others.

To use Git with Jupyter Notebook, you'll need to set up a Git repository and clone it to your local machine. You can then use Git to commit changes to your notebooks and push them to the remote repository. Your collaborators can then pull the changes from the remote repository and merge them into their own notebooks.

Using JupyterHub

JupyterHub is a multi-user server for Jupyter Notebook that allows you to host notebooks and collaborate with others. With JupyterHub, you can create user accounts for your collaborators and give them access to specific notebooks or directories.

JupyterHub also allows you to set up a shared computing environment for your collaborators. For example, you can install libraries and dependencies that are required for your project, and your collaborators can use them without having to install them on their own machines.

These are just a few of the ways you can collaborate with Jupyter Notebook. With its powerful collaboration features, Jupyter Notebook is an ideal tool for data scientists, researchers, and developers who need to work together on complex projects.

Advanced Jupyter Notebook

Jupyter Notebook offers a range of advanced features that can help you take your data analysis and programming to the next level. In this section, we'll explore some of the more advanced features of Jupyter Notebook.


Widgets are interactive controls that allow you to create graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for your Jupyter Notebook. With widgets, you can create sliders, buttons, text boxes, and other controls that allow your users to interact with your notebook.

Widgets are built using the ipywidgets library, which is included with Jupyter Notebook. You can use the ipywidgets library to create and customize widgets, and to add interactivity to your notebooks.

Magic commands

Magic commands are special commands that allow you to perform a variety of tasks in Jupyter Notebook. For example, you can use the %matplotlib magic command to enable inline plotting in your notebooks, or the %timeit magic command to time the execution of a Python statement.

Magic commands are preceded by a percent sign (%) or a double percent sign (%%), depending on whether they are line or cell magics. You can use the %lsmagic command to list all available magic commands in Jupyter Notebook.


Jupyter Notebook also supports a range of extensions that can enhance its functionality. Extensions allow you to add new features and tools to Jupyter Notebook, such as code formatting, table of contents, or keyboard shortcuts.

Extensions are typically installed using the jupyter_contrib_nbextensions package, which contains a collection of community-contributed extensions. You can also create your own extensions using the nbextensions API.

Customizing Jupyter Notebook

Jupyter Notebook is highly customizable, and you can configure it to suit your specific needs and preferences. For example, you can change the default theme, font size, or cell width.

You can customize Jupyter Notebook using configuration files, which are JSON files that contain settings for Jupyter Notebook. Configuration files can be placed in various locations, depending on the platform and installation method you're using.

Jupyter Notebook Server provides several options for configuring the server and customizing its behavior. The server config file, usually called "jupyter_notebook_config.py", contains a variety of settings that control everything from security and authentication to logging and debugging. With the configuration file, you can specify the default directory for notebooks, set the password for accessing the server, configure SSL/TLS encryption, and much more.

In addition to the configuration file, Jupyter Notebook Server also supports command-line options that can be used to override certain settings or start the server with a specific configuration. By carefully configuring Jupyter Notebook Server, you can ensure that it meets your specific needs and provides a secure and reliable platform for your data science work.

Scaling Jupyter Notebook

If you're working with large datasets or complex computations, you may need to scale Jupyter Notebook to multiple machines or nodes. Jupyter Notebook supports various distributed computing frameworks, such as Dask or Spark, that allow you to scale your computations across multiple machines.

These are just a few of the advanced features of Jupyter Notebook. With its extensible architecture and powerful tools, Jupyter Notebook is a versatile platform that can be customized and extended to meet a wide range of data analysis and programming needs.


Jupyter Notebook is a powerful tool for data analysis, scientific computing, and software development. With its web interface, interactive code execution, and rich multimedia capabilities, Jupyter Notebook makes it easy to explore, visualize, and share your data and ideas.

In this article, we've explored how to set up and use Jupyter Notebook Server, and we've covered some of the key features and best practices for running the Jupyter Notebook server. We've also discussed how Jupyter Notebook can be used for collaboration and advanced analysis, and we've highlighted some of the extensions and customizations that are available.

Whether you're a data scientist, researcher, educator, or developer, Jupyter Notebook can help you work more efficiently and effectively with your data and code. With its vibrant community and rich ecosystem of tools and libraries, Jupyter Notebook is a valuable tool to have in your toolkit. We hope this article has provided you with a solid introduction to Jupyter Notebook, and that you'll continue to explore its capabilities and possibilities.

Setting up a jupyter notebook on a remote server - (Video) :


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Ruslan Osipov
Written by author: Ruslan Osipov